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Abu Saad marked it as to-read Sep 25, Yet, on the present-day road through Warsak, the watershed is so undramatic that, before we realized that we had reached it, we had left it behind us and had dipped down towards Ghazni on the Helmand basin side. In May it is going to take me eight or nine days to get to Jam and back from Herat, the nearest city. The culs-de-sac are regions on the fringe of the Oikoumene that have received successive influences from the centre but have not been able to pass these influences on to regions farther afield.

Civilization in the Old World seems to have started in Traq about years ago, and in the meantime it has spread from Traq both eastwards and westwards.

Human beings have made the rough passage of the Hindu Kush a beaten track, because this mountain-range stands between two worlds that wall not submit to being insulated from each other. And these miles and miles of equally straight canals: The Ghaznavids were not soft, nor were they femin- ists. After finishing lunch, I thought to myself, with happy anticipation: Shah Maqsood marked it as to-read May 04, What could stop me this time? Soon the radiators of both cars were boiling over.

On the far side of Mardan, I noticed that the road from Swat joined our road from Peshawar in the neighbourhood of Shahbazgarh, where the Emperor Ashoka set up a pair of inscriptions. When Chingis Khan swooped down upon the Islamic World, the local rulers of Herat made their submission in time to save their city from the fate that overtook Shahr-i- Golgola, the devastated citadel that looks down on the valley of Bamian.


This route from India to China via Afghanistan, which is the route by which Buddhism actually travelled, looks strangely circuitous on the map. But what impressed me most was not the beauty of the scene or the massiveness and sumptuous- ness of the buildings. When the Greeks reached the land of the Paropanisadae after crossing South-West Asia from the Dardanelles, they felt at home again here for the first time.

Full text of “Between Oxus And Jumna”

And so, today, Herat is a living witness to the glory of the Islamic World in the days before it fell into ad- versity. From the meanest tene- ment to the grandest mansion, it is built of the local golden- coloured stone, and the masonry is carved into a fretwork of projecting balconies, upholding stone-latticed windows. Inside the walls, the ruins of a citadel crown a tell which must have taken many centuries to accumulate.

Once again, we descended into the flood; but, this time, the horse halted obstinately in mid-stream.

Between Oxus and Jumna

The climb begins gently. Clambering up ruined stairways into ruined halls, one gains sudden entrancing vistas of the Helmand lapping at the foot of the bluff. And, as I wanted to see the ancient crossing as well as the modem one, we set out for Hund one Sunday morning— Maulana, Pro- fessor, and I — from the campus of the University of Pesha- war. Tap the Helmand River for a new canal a hundred miles down stream? They are her economic qnd from the present political competition between the Soviet Union and the United States.

Between Oxus and Jumna – Arnold Joseph Toynbee – Google Books

These walls em- brace a whole valley, as well as the crown of the hill; and one wall reinforces another in a lavish expenditure of labour. Altogether, it was a cheerful scene. On my journey through the tribal areas in Pakistan I had the good fortune to be travelling with my old friend Mr Enver Kureishi of the Ministry of Information. However, this sight-seeing had its price. The commander of the British army of occupation in Qandahar had had news that an Afghan force was bearing down on Qandahar from Herat, and he had sent out a column to fend it off.


Contrary to the usual practice of rivers in Afghanistan, the Helmand, in the reach that washes the foot of Lash- kari Bazar, has faithfully kept to his old course.

I cannot leave Ajmer without having looked down on the city from that towering fort. M Rafiq marked it as to-read Sep 29, The Indus and the Jumna both flow through the same enormous plain.

But, as it turned out, it did not come to that.

Even after the Romans had routed the Betweeh emperor Antiochus the Great, the Senate could not sleep easy so long as the ele- phant-park at Apamea remained intact. The highland tribesmen cannot live off the crops from their pitiful little stony fields — at least, not unless they plant the fields illicitly with the opium poppy.

It would be awful to arrive on Wed- nesday morning after the lorry had left. Beth marked it as to-read Aug 14, A river, flowing round the foot of the great rock, provides a natural moat for about half the perimeter. At Attock his wide-spread waters are suddenly confined.

Well, my hopes are high; for I know, from past betewen perience, that a firsthand glimpse can sometimes speak volumes. History of Pakistan and Afghanistan. One of the commissioners paid for this outrage by being assassinated.

Bilal Ashraf marked it as to-read Jul 18, At this season the host is swollen by the encampments of the Powindahs — nomad pastoralists and traders who spend their winters on the plains of Pakistan and India, and their summers in the highlands of Afghanistan.

On the oxks May, i, the lower of these two.