Fundamental principles of bhaishajya kalpana. The word Bhaishajya Kalpana is composed of two words – Bhaishajya and Kalpana. The word. Bhaishjya kalpana deals with the Basic Ayurvedic pharmaceutics. •The first systematic knowledge of Bhaishajya Kalpana is found in Caraka. Doctor of Medicine in Rasashastra & Bhaishajya Kalpana (Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacy) is Non – Clinical course. Keeping with tradition, the course.

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The authors of such works have categorized the drugs in different manners. It is certainly possible that the quality of the adjuvant and other ingredients may influence the expression of biological activity.

Thesis submitted to Gujarat Ayurved University – Jamnagar. The Sattva so sedimented is allowed to dry and is powdered. Dunal AsvagandhaaBarleria prionitis Linn.


In all these extraction methods water soluble active ingredients of the plant are extracted. The quantity of water required to be added and to be retained after boiling varies from plant to plant.

When still warm, vatis should be rolled and dried in shade. Depending on the requirement, different procedures are adopted to extract therapeutically useful ingredients. The above illustrations are just few examples of a vast array of factors that may influence expression of pharmacological activity.

In one of the studies it has been shown that season of collection of raw drugs can influence the expression of pharmacological activity Sridhara Bairy, The plants growing in a graveyard or on a footpath should also not be collected.

Many a times the substance may contain more than one therapeutically useful constituent. Considering its importance, different aspects of this discipline have been presented in this review to bhaishajjya the readers, especially those who have just started studying Ayurveda, with concept of ayurvedic pharmaceutics.

Bhaishajya Kalpanaa – The Ayurvedic Pharmaceutics – An Overview

Sometimes minerals are also used as ingredients in such cases the mineral is converted to Bhasmas calcined metallic compounds and used as ingredients. Out of them sixteen are mainly for plant based products and rest are mineral and metal product based formulations. Creams, ointments, lotions, dusting powders etc. This can be achieved through specific processing. This clearly indicates that for attenuating the stress ulcers test drug given in the form of ghrita is good.


The different aspects related to drug formulation, preparation, storage etc. The classical formulation techniques and preparatory methods exhibit high degree of sophistication. This will ensure proper mixing in comparison to mixing the drugs and preparing the powder of the drug-mix. A-Panc a tikta ghrita PG-A prepared after ghrita murchanaa a purificatory process and using triphala kalka; PG-B prepared by bhaishajys ghrita subjected to murchanaa without kalka; PG-C prepared only with plain ghrita without subjecting it to murchanaa and without using kalka.

In one of the studies carried out in our lab Savrikar, three samples of guduchi ghritas were prepared using cow ghee ghrita obtained from three different regions- Wardha, Nanded and Solapur and the samples were evaluated for different pharmacological activities.

The leaves collected during November and July were almost inactive. The information related to drugs and formulations bhaishajyz with diagnosis and management of disease accompanied with techniques of health maintenance through observance of proper daily and seasonal routines can be found in large number of classical and other literary works.

Preparations for internal use keep their potency for about sixteen months. Ayurveda also gives prime importance to these four basic requirements. The retained liquid after boiling is then filtered through a muslin cloth.

Shri Ayurved Mahavidyalaya

Dissertation submitted to Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar. When no Anupana is specified such oil should be taken with warm water or warm milk Anonymous, Though it is generally accepted among the ayurvedic fraternity that drug formulation is very important for ensuring therapeutic efficacy, not much importance is being given to assess or ascertain the impact of changes made in formulation factors on the expression of pharmacological activity.


Encyclopaedia of Indian Medicine. In case of formulations in which minerals are used, the drugs are preserved for indefinite period. The observed effect was compared against a water control group. Two finger thick layer of mud is then applied on the covering of leaves. The Ayurvedic Formulary of India. Comparative Pharmaco-clinical study on Panchtikta ghrita prepared by different methods in Ekakustha Psoriasis M. Many a times the place or source of materials especially of adjuvants and vehicles is not specified.

Netrabindu is prepared by dissolving the semisolids of drugs to be applied with Netra-salaka type of drug applicator to the eye.

Thesis submitted to Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar.

Bhaishajya Kalpanaa – The Ayurvedic Pharmaceutics – An Overview

Thus the type of pharmaceutical processing depends on following factors: It is obtained by boiling the finely powdered plant material in required quantity of water till all the active ingredients are extracted completely in the water.

Different procedures may be required to separate out such useful constituent. Studies carried out in our Institute have shown that many other factors like use of cultivated raw material or naturally collected material, processing methods like murchanaa, sodhana, avartana, number of putas method of heating while preparing a bhasma all have influence over expression of pharmacological activity.

In addition to the above discussed formulation types there are other purely mineral based formulations like kupipakwa rasaayana, parpati, pisti, bhasma etc. Where there are a number of drugs in yoga, the drugs are separately powdered and sieved. Per-urethral, per-vaginal administration of medicated oils and emulsions.