Snake bites by the jararacucu (Bothrops jararacussu): Clinicopathological studies of 29 proven cases in Sao Paulo State, Brazil. Article (PDF. Genus: Bothrops. Species: jararacussu. Common Names Jararacussu. Local Names Cabeca de Sapo, Jararacucu, Jararacucu Malha de Sapo, Jararacucu. COMUNICACIONES BREVES. Notes of cases of aggression and ophiophagy by Bothops jararacussu (Lacerda ) in captivity. Nota de casos de agresiĆ³n y.

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Myotoxicity Uncommon to rare, but may be moderate to severe. A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species.

Local Effects Marked local effects; pain, severe swelling, bruising, blistering, necrosis, abscess formation.

Two became shocked and four developed renal failure. Multiple doses may be required. Instituto Nacional de Produccion de Biologics A. If there is any impairment of vital functions, such as problems with respiration, airway, circulation, heart function, these must be supported as a priority.

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Bites will vary from minor to life threatening. Small Approx 20k version. These include local cauterization, incision, excision, amputation, suction by mouth, vacuum pump or syringe, combined incision and suction “venom-ex” apparatusinjection or instillation of compounds such as potassium permanganate, phenol carbolic soap and trypsin, application of electric shocks or ice cryotherapyuse of traditional herbal, folk and other remedies including the ingestion of emetic plant products and parts of the snake, multiple incisions, tattooing and so on.

Countries Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay. Wiping it once with a damp cloth to remove surface venom is unlikely to do much harm or good but the wound must not be massaged. Equally, we cannot list knowledge which is not yet reported or known. Renal Damage Common, usually secondary effect. Average Venom Qty to mg dry weightMinton Ref: Best viewed in x resolution or higher.


General Shape Large in length, heavy bodied pitviper. Calzada de Tlalpan No. Can you confirm these amateur observations of Bothrops jararacussu? Copyright ToxinologyWCH. Caudal luring in two neotropical pitvipersBothrops jararaca and B. We therefore do hothrops accept legal responsibility for use of the information provided and we require that all users use information from this site at their own risk.

First aid for bites by Viperid snakes likely to cause significant local injury at the bite site see listing in Comments section. Web pages and scripting Jiri Hosek. We make bothrps reasonable attempt to verify accuracy jqraracussu information listed on this site. Most traditional, and many of the more recently fashionable, first aid measures are useless and potentially dangerous.

Look for moderate to severe local effects, including pain, swelling, potential for fluid shifts and hypovolaemic shock, blistering, necrosis, abscess formation.


Effects of polyspecific Bothrops antivenom were not impressive, and it has been suggested that anti-Bothrops and anti-Crotalus jarsracussu should be given in combination. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. A general consideration of snake poisoning and observations on neotropical pitvipers.

In particular, for bites causing flaccid paralysis, including respiratory paralysis, both airway and respiration may be impaired, requiring urgent and prolonged treatment, which may include the mouth to mask mouth to mouth technique of expired air transfer. The bitten limb must not be exercised as obthrops contraction will promote systemic absorption of venom.

Severe signs of local and systemic envenoming, local necrosis, shock, spontaneous systemic bleeding, renal failure were seen only in patients bitten by snakes longer than 50 cm; bites by shorter specimens were more likely to cause incoagulable blood.

The snakes of Bahia State, northeastern Brazil: In two patients, autopsies revealed acute renal tubular necrosis, cerebral oedema, haemorrhagic rhabdomyolysis at the site of the bite and disseminated intravascular coagulation.


All cases with significant systemic effects require IV antivenom, as will most cases with significant local effects.

Contiguo a la plaza de deportes, Dulce Nombre de Coronado. Check List 7 3: All rings or other jewellery on the bitten limb, especially on fingers, should be removed, as they may act as tourniquets if oedema develops. If there will be considerable delay before reaching medical aid, measured in several hours to days, then give clear fluids by mouth to prevent dehydration. Head is relatively large, broad, flattened, lance shaped when viewed from above and distinct from narrow neck.

If the offending snake has been killed it should be brought with the patient for identification only relevant in areas where there are more than one naturally occurring venomous snake speciesbut be careful to avoid touching the head, as even a dead snake can envenom.

Systemic effects may be minor or severe, possibly including coagulopathy and bleeding, kidney damage, even myolytic muscle damage. Dorsal scales are strongly keeled. Hothrops The Reptile Database. Naturale Torino, Monografie Morphological and molecular evidence for phylogeny and classification of South American pitvipers, genera Bothrops, Bothriopsis, and Bothrocophias Serpentes: Venom Necrotoxins Present but not defined.

Venom Procoagulants Fibrinogen clotting toxins. The snakebite victim should be transported as quickly and as passively as possible to the nearest place where they can be seen by a medically-trained person health station, dispensary, clinic or hospital. Province of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Reptiles del noroeste, nordeste y este de la Argentina.