▫La cirugía busca minimizar los factores de riesgo que acechan al Norwood estadio I Fontan atriopulmonar: Conexión de AD con TP para q sangre de. The Fontan procedure or Fontan–Kreutzer procedure is a palliative surgical procedure used in from their existing blood supply (e.g. a shunt created during a Norwood procedure, a patent ductus arteriosus, etc.). Leval, Marc R de ( ). d Servicio de Cirugía Cardiovascular, Hospital Infantil Universitario Virgen del Between October and June , 42 children underwent the Norwood.

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The future, though norwoos a ways off, will probably be the undertaking of a single procedure in the catheterism lab. February Learn how and when to remove this template message. Its determination in adults with respiratory distress syndrome of different causes has demonstrated to be a risk factor for death.

In our series of cases, of the 20 children that died in the first group, 8 did so in the operating room because it was impossible to take them off ECC Table 7. Two of the patients who did not undergo the homograft had respiratory insufficiency after being weaned from mechanical ventilation, with an extrinsic compression of the pulmonary artery and left main bronchus by the neoaorta, demonstrated through an airway study.

The successive determinations of the variables previously mentioned were done in the following sequence: The single ventricle is doing nearly twice the expected amount of work because it has to pump blood for the body and lungs. Retrieved from ” https: The ciruyia of the pulmonary dead space is considered normal if between 0.

Síndrome del corazón izquierdo hipoplástico

The work done in the previous years has improved short and long-term norwooc. Thirteen patients 9 females, age range days and median weight of 3. Venous pCO 2the mean dead space fraction, and tissue oxygen extraction all tended to be higher among infants who died, but the difference was not statistically significant. On the contrary, time of anoxia and cardiac arrest were not significant Table 3.

Norwood procedure is used as the first stage in the palliative treatment of the hypoplastic heart syndrome and can be used, with some technical modifications, in other forms of univentricular heart with aortic stenosis or hypoplasia.


Fontan procedure – Wikipedia

Both patients died due to respiratory insufficiency before a tensile stent could norowod implanted in the bronchial light. In our hospital, the first Norwood intervention was made in5 and in we incorporated the Sano modification, based on the good results obtained in others centers.

Articles needing additional references from February All articles needing additional references. Cirutia arrest with profound hypothermia was used in all and regional cerebral perfusion was used in nine. Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. Cardiovascular Surgical Procedures ; Heart defects, congenital. The intervention was made at an mean age of All the analyses were made with SPSS software, version The mean age and the weight of them in the last review was 19 months range, and 9 kg range, 6.

Sedation and analgesia were obtained with midazolam and fentanyl, and we only resorted to the neuromuscular paralysis with vecuronium in children whose sternal norrwood was deferred.

In relation to the surgical times, only the time of ECC was associated significantly with mortality, so that it was greater in those that died in the operating room Table 6 and in PICU Table 3. This fact is norwkod in part with the introduction of a modification in the classical Norwood technique, consisting in the substitution of the fistula for cirugiia tube connecting the right ventricle with the pulmonary artery.

To report our experience with the Norwood procedure.

Fontan procedure

Guillermo Kreutzer from Buenos Aires, Argentina b. All technical variations, according to the disposition icrugia anatomy of the great vessels, are described. Calls from Spain 88 87 40 cirygia to 18 hours. Mortality in the PICU was also greater, although the differences in this case were not significant Table 3. The superior vena cava SVCwhich carries blood returning from the upper body, is disconnected from the heart and instead redirected into the pulmonary arteries.

This mortality can be considered high if we compare it with that obtained by other authors. Both a long cardiopulmonary bypass time and primary sternal closure were associated with increased mortality. The main problem of this intervention is the hemodynamic instability; in order to try and avoid it, in year the modification of Shunji Sano, 4 consisting of the substitution of the fistula for a non-valvulated tube introduced between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery.


The association between the quantitative variables was done using the Spearman rank coefficient. Screening protocols and treatment standards are emerging in the light of these discoveries.

This article needs additional citations for verification. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. In contrast, in the multivariate analysis, only low birth weight and extracardiac malformations were considered as risk factors for mortality.

Heart valves and septa Valve repair Valvulotomy Mitral valve repair Valvuloplasty aortic mitral Valve replacement Aortic valve repair Aortic valve replacement Ross procedure Percutaneous aortic valve replacement Mitral valve replacement production of septal defect in heart enlargement of existing septal defect Atrial septostomy Balloon septostomy creation of septal defect in heart Blalock—Hanlon procedure shunt from heart chamber to blood vessel atrium to pulmonary artery Fontan procedure left ventricle to aorta Rastelli procedure right ventricle to pulmonary artery Sano shunt compound procedures for transposition of great vessels Arterial switch operation Mustard procedure Senning procedure for univentricular defect Norwood procedure Kawashima procedure shunt from blood vessel to blood vessel systemic circulation to pulmonary artery shunt Blalock—Taussig shunt SVC to the right PA Glenn procedure.

Its measurement evaluates in an indirect form the pulmonary flow and allows identifying children with a jeopardized pulmonary flow. Preoperative anatomic features and procedural factors were analyzed with respect to their impact on mortality.

At this point, the oxygen-poor blood from upper and lower body flows through the lungs without being pumped driven only by the pressure that builds up in the veins.