The aim of this article is to draw attention to the work of a conflict analyst whose theory of ‘protracted social conflict’ – developed in a sustained. A Theory of Protracted Social Conflict. Edward E Azar, one of the forefathers of the conflict resolution field was the first to the describe violent events in the. 2 See Edward E. Azar, The Management of Protracted Social Conflict. Theory Theory of Protracted Social Conflict and the Challenge of Transforming Conflict.

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The lead section of this article may need to be rewritten. Conflict resolution can truly occur and last if satisfactory amelioration of underdevelopment occurs as well. Weaker states, like those often involved in protracted social conflict, tend to be more influenced by outside connections both economically and politically.

Protracted social conflict – Wikipedia

This precondition also involves the reliance that many people have on their social groups; because governments in areas that experience protracted social conflict are often unable, incapable or unwilling to provide basic human necessities to the population, individuals turn to their social groups for stability.

From the research made, it has been found that Rwanda offers ample evidence to be referred to as a protracted social conflict. Rothman developed a unique approach of conflict resolution that is specifically designed to mitigate protracted social conflict. The third stage is termed “inventing” and focuses on the “how” of “cooperatively resolving the conflict and its core through integrative solutions.


When Greek Cypriots wanted to reduce autonomy and representation of Turkish Cypriots, the latter opposed it and intercommunal violence broke out. Four preconditions are isolated by Azar as the predominant sources of protracted social conflict: Retrieved from ” https: This involves the “political—economic relations of economic dependency within the international economic system, and the network of political-military linkages constituting regional and global patterns of clientage and cross-border interest.

Abstract The complexity peotracted the conflict in Rwanda has called for the application of various theories, suggestions and recommendations to the situation by various scholars and researchers in an attempt for conflict resolution. The ARIA model is a comprehensive, yet specific approach to resolving protracted social conflict.

It generally refers to conflicts described by other researchers as protracted or intractablei. For example, many states are dependent on an external supply of armament. Among the Sinhalese, the anti-Tamil chauvinism started to spread and the Tamils were more and more conrlict and excluded. Views Read Edit View history. This results in the domination of certain identity groups over others.

Protracted social conflict

The resultant disconnection of society and the state can be linked to the colonial legacy, which, “artificially imposed European ideas of territorial statehood onto a multitude of communal groups.

But again, because of opposing interests all the proposals failed. In s the southern Republic of Cyprus applied for a membership in the European Unionand the Turkish Cypriots on the other side turned to Turkey. Although the Cyprus conflict now lasts for a long time, its resolution does not seem to be close. The structure of the government needs to be changed so that all citizens are equally cared for and equally represented without bias or corruption. The needs of the various parties are, in turn, the underlying causes of the conflict.

Such identity-driven rifts are the result of an underlying fear of extinction that often grows within vulnerable ethnic groups who live with the memories or fear of persecution and massacre.


The communal groups may experience deep-seated cleavages based upon racial, religious, cultural or ethnic lines. Before the independence of Cyprusthe island’s Greek and Turkish communities coexisted relatively peacefully.

The effect of this stage is termed resonance, as each side has articulated their core concerns and heard the concerns of the other actors. Journal of Conflict Resolution 49 6— Identifying the root causes of the Edware conflict might provide a baseline for redressing the evils in the country.

This first step focuses on the tangible “what of the conflict. Azar states that protracted social conflicts can be characterized by “incompetent, parochial, fragile, and authoritarian governments that fail to satisfy basic human needs. Since the start of war there were some attempts to reach a ceasefire.

Their tactics, proscribed as terrorist by many countries, are ruthless, brutal and highly efficient in eliminating their opposition.

This invasion caused an exodus of aboutGreek Cypriots to the south. After parties have articulated their animosities, the next stage is termed the reflexive—reframing stage where the “why” and “who” of the issue is examined.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. In contrast to the model of interactive conflict resolution ICR that Fisher proposed inwhich includes identity as one of many human needs, the ARIA model “keeps its focus more narrowly attuned to identity issues in particular. Some features of this site may not work without it. By bringing animosities to the forefront, it is hoped that conflct mutual benefits of ending the conflict can protractde realized.