Definition – a theory which countered Mackinder’s Heartland theory. Spyman stated that Eurasia’s rimland, the coastal areas, is the key to. Maikinder was quick to revise his Heartland theory. He suggested that there are two Rimland theory is an antithesis to the heartland theory. American geopolitician Admirai Mahan, was a theory of positional su, premacy. the other hand, “heartland” and “rimland” are exceedingly handy and attractive.

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Rimland theory is an antithesis to the heartland theory. According to Mackinder, control of the superior resources of the Heartland could enable a state to conquer the rest of the World-Island thsories.

At that time Russia occupied barely any important place in the world map of politics. The Rimland is a concept championed by Nicholas John Spykmanprofessor of international relations at Yale University.

It symbolise coastal countries as the sea power. Political terminology of the United States Geopolitics.

But as the states within the Rimland had varying degree of independence, and a variety of castes, races, and culture, it theoriess not come under the control of any single power. The Cuban missile crisis and the stalemate situation between the 2 superpower. Remember me on this computer.

Spykman thought that the Rimland, the strip of coastal land that encircles Eurasiais more important than the central Asian zone the so-called Heartland for the control of the Eurasian rlmland. Click here to sign up.

He assumed that the Heartland will not be a potential hub of Europe, because:. Help Center Find new research papers in: Old data for pivot area concept His pivot area concept came in Role Of Heartland and Rimland Theory.

Geostrategy: The Heartland and Rimland Theories

Spykman makes a clear sense about land’s role in military power development. He criticized Mackinder for overrating the Heartland as being of immense strategic importance due to its vast size, central geographical location and supremacy of land power rather than sea power.


All the aforesaid countries lie in the buffer zone that is between sea power and land power. At the same time, the Heartland was impervious to external conquest because of its isolation, with ice to the north, deserts and mountains to the south, and poor transportation to and from the littoral of Western Europe.

Mahan is clearer than Mackinder and Spykman as his theory has been practically implement by those countries who heartlajd ruled over rimlanf world in different time and centuries. This was an inherent weakness in his thesis.

It has both grounds safer i. The Heartland and Rimland Theories advertisement. According to Mahan, the naval power plays a vital role in making a country enable to lead on international politics and to influence upon states to work on its agenda. He overlooked Man-nature relation. Newer Post Older Post Home. Spykman published America’s Strategy in World Politics, in which he set forth a theory that combined those of Mackinder and leading naval theorist Alfred Thayer Mahan.

They invaded the coastal rims. The Rimland’s defining characteristic is that it is an intermediate region, lying between the heartland and the marginal sea powers. As it has a strong naval power and has a strong hold over many countries. As heartland deals with inner crescent and other with sea power and former had been and is being practically implemented by the mighty ruling countries like USA and China.

Hence, we may say that one country make rule over the world through it naval power and it can gain its maximum goals by making its irmland powerful and capable to achieve its targets. Biased rimpand His view was biased because of imperial British interests were theorise focus of his theory.

Criticism of Rimland Theory. While Spykman accepts the first two as defined, he rejects the simple grouping of the Asian countries into one “monsoon land. As the amphibious buffer zone between the land powers and sea powers, it must defend itself from both sides, and therein lies its fundamental security problems.


Together these three interlinked continents are the largest, most populous, and most resource-rich region on earth. Conquest of the entire world would then be highly likely. Skip to main content. The theory of heartland was adopted by Germany but it failed badly. Until then, sea power retained a major edge on mobility, giving maritime empires much greater relative power than continental states.

Organic/Heartland/Rimland Theories by joanna njie on Prezi

Neither Heartland nor Rimland theory has modern application because they neglects: The Heartland, or the Pivot Area, is the area of central Eurasia roughly analogous to the Russian Empire and Soviet Union except for its far eastern section. Anyhow, sea power is more effective than heartland as it is more effective in case to rule over the world and to make an impact on far away regions like Africa, Asia and America.

Rimland or inner crescent contains most of world’s people as well as large share of world’s resources. Germany was deprived to make its influence on different countries of the world due to not having naval capability but countries like France, Spain, Portugal and Britain moved forward due to their naval power. The offshore islands, such as the British Isles and the Japanese islands.

Retrieved from ” https: The Rimland has great importance coming from its demographic weight, natural resources, and industrial development. Finlandisation, Russia establishing proxy govt.